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Motorcycle Izh planet sport 500 cubic meters The past, present and future of Russian motorcycles. History of creation, photos, technical characteristics. November 23, 2009 IZH-Planet Sport –

Motorcycle Izh planet sport 500 cubes

Past, present and future of Russian motorcycles. History of creation, photos, technical characteristics.

November 23, 2009

IZH-Planet Sport is a unique sports IZH!

Later releases of Planet Sport were equipped with a domestic K-62M carburetor with a smaller diffuser diameter, due to which the maximum power decreased to 28 hp. You can distinguish them from the early Japanese by a longer rear wing and a slightly curved exhaust pipe, which was originally straight[1]. By 1979, Planets Sport gradually got rid of imported components, degrading the quality of the main parts.
On the basis of Planeta-Sport in April 1975, the production of sports motorcycles for the multi-day enduro Izh M-15 and the cross modification Izh-K-15 began.
Soviet motorcyclists gave the motorcycle IZH Planet Sport the nicknames Dog (from the abbreviated IZH PS), Sportak. Due to the unusually high quality, it was rumored that Planet-Sport was intended for export to the United States.
It was on this motorcycle that many were engaged in the most real motor “tuning” – they bored the cylinder for the M-412 piston or for the piston group of the cross-country 500 cc “chezetta”. The power increased one and a half times, but the resource decreased to one season (the standard IZH-Planet Sport withstood 50-60 thousand kilometers without noticeable wear of the main components).

General data (in brackets – data for versions since 1979 [2])
Motorcycle base 1350 (1390) mm
Length 2050 (2070) mm
Width 730 (810) mm
Height 1100 (1150) mm
Ground clearance 145 (135) mm
Dry weight 135 (145) kg
Maximum speed 140 (130) km/h
Fuel consumption:
at a speed of 60 km/h 3.5 l/100 km
at a speed of 100 km/h 6.5 l/100 km
Acceleration time to 100 km/h 11 sec
Braking distance from a speed of 60 km / h 12 m
Power reserve of about 400 km

Engine type two-stroke, with three-channel purge
Number of cylinders 1
Bore 76 mm
Stroke 75 mm
Displacement 340 cc
Compression ratio 9.5-10.5 (8.7-9.2)
Rated engine power at 5600-6700 rpm 32 (28) hp
Engine torque at 5200-5800 rpm
Separate lubrication system (together with fuel 1:25)
Counter air cooling system
Supply system
Air filter dry, with paper element
Mikuni carburetor (K-62M)
Cone diameter 32 mm
Main jet output 190 cc/min

Primary gear with helical gears
Multi-plate clutch in oil bath
Gearbox four-speed
Gear shift foot
Reverse gear open, roller chain
Primary gear ratio 2.18
Reverse gear ratio 2.47
Gearbox ratios:
1st gear 3.17
II programs 1.81
III programs 1.26
IV programs 1.0

The frame is tubular, welded, closed, heat -treated (!)
Front suspension Straint telescopic fork
Suspension move 155 mm
The rear suspension is a pendulum
Suspension stroke 90 mm
Dimensions of tires:
front wheel 3.00-19 ″
rear wheel 3.50-18 ″
Brake brakes
Diameter of the brake drum:
front wheel 190 mm
rear wheel 170 mm

Electrical equipment:
Voltage of the on -board network 12 in
IL GP-1 generator, three-phase, alternating current
Generator voltage 14 in
Generator capacity 100 W
Battery 6MTS-9
IL voltage regulator RN-1 (BPV 14-10)
Speak of ignition A-23

Building capacities and fuel and lubricants:
Fuel tank 14 l, gasoline AI-93
Oil tank 1.5 l, oil ms 20

Izh Planet Sports
general information
Manufacturer Izhevsk Machine -Building Plant
Izh Planet Sports
Manufacturer Izh
Mark Izh Planet Sports
Type Gasoline, two -stroke, with a three -channel blowing
Volume 350 cm 3
Maximum power 32 l. with. , at 6 700 rpm
Maximum torque 34.3 n · m, at 5 800 rpm
Cylinders 1
Valves No
The diameter of the cylinder 76 mm
The piston stroke 75 mm
Compression ratio 10,5
Supply system carburetor
Cooling Air
Material GBC aluminum
Applicity (number of tactes) 2
Recommended fuel AI-93
Lubrication system Separate Specifications Maximum speed, km/h 140 Fuel consumption, l per 100 km At a speed of 60 km/h 4,5 At a speed of 90 km/h 6,5 Dimensions Length, mm 2 050 Width, mm 730 Height, mm 1 100 Motorcycle base, mm 1 350 Road clearance, mm 147

Izh Planet Sports – Mid -class traffic motorcycle, designed for tourist and sports trips on roads with different coverage alone or passenger. It was produced by the Izhevsk motorzer from 1973 to 1984.


History [edit | edit the code]

In 1973, the Izhevsk plant surprised Soviet motorcyclists with the first serial sports motorcycle Izh Planet Sport. The motorcycle was very unlike the counterparts both externally and in design. Outwardly, the IZH-PS was very similar to the Japanese motorcycles of the mid-1960s (for example, Suzuki T250 Super Six, 1966, Yamaha 350r5 of 1970, Kawasaki A1 Samurai in 1966). Thanks to the high technical level of design and the quality of manufacture “Izh Planet Sport”, many countries of the world were exported. They were especially popular in the UK, the Netherlands and Finland, where they successfully competed with Java and CZ motorcycles.

At the time of the start of release, the motorcycle cost about 1050 rubles, subsequent parties began to be sold at 1000 rubles. The motorcycle lasted on the conveyor until 1984, after which he was discontinued. Among the Soviet motorcyclists, the “Izh PS” of the first years of release, which were expensive even at the age of ten, were most appreciated.

Design [edit | edit the code]

The technical “filling” (with the exception of the little things) was completely original.

For the first time in the USSR, a separate lubrication system for the engine of its own development (Izh-Mami) was used, although the first 500 motorcycles with separate lubricants were released in 1974, this party was implemented only in 1975.Separate lubricant was installed until the end of the IL PS release, since 1976, a separate lubricant engine could be distinguished by an additional letter “M” in the room. The only thing that after 1980 their total amount decreased and the bulk was exported [1]. Engine with a working volume of 340 cm³ (piston diameter – 76 mm, move – 75 mm), was equipped with a Japanese carburetor Mikunithat allowed him to develop 32 liters. with. at 6,700 rpm. Thus, a “loner” with a dry weight of 135 kg had a specific power of 237 liters. S./T (the JAWA-350/634 very popular in the USSR had a specific capacity of 141 liters/t). Thanks to this, the motorcycle had high dynamic qualities: the acceleration time to 100 km/h did not exceed 11 seconds. The engine was fixed in the frame using rubber pillows – the technical innovation of that period. In the first years, motorcycles were equipped with Japanese electrical equipment and optics of the West German company Hella, due to which the requirements of the UN UN of lighting were met for the first time on the Soviet motorcycle. The front wheel differed in size 3.0 × 19.

Early Izh Planet Sport can be distinguished by mounting the engine on rubber pillows, the rear light, shock absorbers (there were stainless steel glasses), there were reflectors on the headlights. [2]. In 1975, the cylinder head changed the nutrition from the “zh-shaped” to the usual, the shape of the combustion chamber from the “jockey hat” to the “sphere in the field” was changed, and in 1978, electrical equipment and a Soviet-made speedometer were installed, and the diameter of the spokes was increased [3]. Contrary to the common misconception, the power of the late PS (according to the 1983 operating instructions) decreased to 28 hp. Not because of the new K62M carburetor, but because of a decrease in the degree of compression for the sake of resource and resistance to detonation.

Technical characteristics [edit | edit the code]

general information According to factory operating instructions of 1975 and 1983 (differences in brackets).

  • Motorcycle base 1 390 (1,440) mm
  • Length: 2 070 (2 150) mm
  • Width: 790 (810) mm
  • Height: 1,150 mm
  • Road clearance: 135 mm
  • Dry mass: 135 (155) kg
  • Maximum speed: 140 (135) km/hour
  • Fuel consumption per 100 km of path:
  • At a speed of 50-60 km/h: 3.5 l (data on the 1975 instructions)
  • Control, no more: 7 l (data on the 1983 instructions)
  • Engine type: two -stroke, with a three -channel blowing (it can also be called five, weekend bypass windows – five)
  • Number of cylinders: 1
  • Cylinder diameter: 76 mm
  • Piston stroke: 75 mm
  • Working volume: 340 cm³
  • Compression degree: 10-10.5 (8.7-9.2) (compression degree could be adjusted with a gasket under the cylinder head.)
  • Nominal engine power:
  • At 5 600-6 700 rpm: 32 hp (data on the instructions of 1975)
  • At 5 940 ± 5 % rpm: 28 hp (Data on the 1983 instructions)
  • Motor transmission by braids
  • Multi -disc clutch in the oil bath
  • Gearbox: four -speed
  • Foot switching, pedal-knuckle is under the left foot
  • Rear gear: open, bushing-roller chain
  • Gribadum of the primary transmission: 2.18
  • Rear gear transfer: 2.47
  • Transmanding numbers of the gearbox:
  • I programs: 3.17
  • II programs: 1.81
  • III programs: 1.26
  • IV programs: 1.0
  • The frame is tubular, welded, closed, heat -treated
  • Front suspension: a stiff telescopic fork
  • The vertical course of the front wheel axis is at least: 150 (160) mm
  • Voltage of the on -board network: 12 volts
  • Generator: IL GP-1, three-phase, alternating current
  • Generator voltage: 14 volts
  • Nominal capacity of the generator: 100 watts
  • Battery: 6MTS-9

Foreign batteries were installed on the motorcycles of the first years of issue (before the development of 6MTS-9):

  • 12n7-3b
  • 12N7-4A
  • 12N7-4V
  • 12n9-3a
  • 12N9-3V
  • 12n9-4v
  • 12n9-4V (n)
  • Voltage regulator: IL RN-1 (BPV 14-10)
  • Spend of the ignition: A-23 (according to the old standards, the name A-7.5 BS) (it was attached to the first “IL PS” Italian “Magnetti-Marelli” or NGK, which were recommended to be used at high driving speeds (100-120 km/ h) and the liner of the cylinder head)

Gas tanks and fuel and lubricants

  • Fuel tank-14 l, gasoline AI-93 [1]
  • Oil tank-1.5 l, Aviation oil MS-20
  • Gearbox-0.8 liters, in winter-AS-6 or M-6B, in summer-AS-10 or M-10B
  • Shock absorbers of the telescopic fork (each transmitted) – 0.2 l, MP -11 (substitute – spindle oil)
  • Hind wheel suspension shock absorbers (in each)-0.06 (0.065) L, MGP-10 (substitute-spindle oil)

Izh Planet Sport is among the people [edit | edit the code]

Soviet motorcyclists motorcycle “Izh Planet Sport” gave nicknames “dog” (from the abbreviated “IL PS”), “sports”. Due to unusually high quality, it was said that Planet-Sport was intended for export in the United States. The first 500 pcs had a service book, which indicated the identification number to the order of spare parts from the plant.

Due to the deficiency of spare parts, many were engaged in motor “tuning”-the M-412 piston (the desired diameter, but with a large fingertips) was adjusted under a standard connecting rod, or under the piston group of the 514th “chaz” cross-country group. The capacity increased slightly, but the resource decreased to one season (the standard Izh Planet Sport withstand 50-60 thousand kilometers without noticeable wear of the main nodes).

Currently, the well -preserved Izh Planet Sport is a rarity that is appreciated by experts. In Russia, more than $ 1000 is sometimes asked for the motorcycle of the first years of release. There are also a lot of spare parts for PS, and it is almost impossible to find the original ones.

Sports modifications [edit | edit the code]

On the basis of Planet-Sport in April 1975, the production of sports motorcycles for the multi-day enduro IZH M-15 and the cross modification Izh-K-15 began, though only the engine was appreciated by the athletes, and the chassis was taken from the ChZ, a good car was obtained . As well as on the basis of the Izh Planet Sport engine, a motorcycle for Speudwei (for racing on ice) was produced, there were also other experimental models.

The history of the features of the configuration [edit | edit the code]

  • The first option for mounting the engine is soft, on rubber dampers
  • Special fan cylinder head
  • Carburetor Mikuni Aeh (Japan)
  • The initially established domestic turns indicators (from the base motorcycles of Planet-3 and IZh Jupiter-3, characterized by chrome)
  • The muffler is straight
  • Air filter FILTRAK A 105/153- 1500 TGLN 39-474 (GDR)
  • For part of motorcycles (mainly for export) – stood tires of foreign production “Barum” (Czechoslovakia) and “IRC” (Japan)
  • The rear-view mirror with the end mount on the steering wheel (from the base Izhevskiy Motamoskvich-408) by the end of the 70s moves to the clamp clamp with the clutch lever
  • Self -adhesive inscriptions on the tank and instrumental boxes
  • A speedometer from the pannonia motorcycle – T4 or T5 (Hungary), Veglia Borletti (Italy)
  • The first domestic motorcycle generator with voltage in the network 12 volts (GP-1)
  • Foreign electrical equipment and lighting equipment:
  • Combined switches on the steering wheel from the Japanese motorcycle Honda CB350 and the corresponding lines of clutch and manual front brake
  • Sound signal Nikko YPL 1400 (Japan)
  • The rear lamp Stanley (Japan)
  • The optical element of the headlight from the Pannonia motorcycle – T5 (Hungary), later the West German Hella 1A7 001.140.01. For countries with left -handed – Lucas company
  • PAL ignition lock (Czechoslovakia) from the Jawa motorcycle
  • Spark plug Magneti Marelli CW8N (Italy)
  • Reflectors on the front fork Stanley RR 30 SAE B67 (Japan)
  • Foreign batteries (Japan)
  • Mikuni carburetor VM32-89
  • Combined switches on the steering wheel and ignition lock (360-82508-42) from the Japanese motorcycle Yamaha RD350 and their corresponding linen leverage and manual front brake
  • The new version of the side reflectors and the rear lamp Stanley (040-5469)
  • The fastening of the guide ears (for the pen of the fork) of the front brake drum from the slope to the whole -linite was changed
  • The cylinder head is changing to the usual direct
  • At the end of the year, domestic turns of turns are replaced by Japanese Stanley 23040-037
  • Domestic gasoline crane KR -11 with explanatory inscriptions in English
  • The domestic speedometer SP102 is installed. The export set Borletti
  • The new domestic optical element of the headlights FG137 (new light -sculsioner type European Ray)
  • There was a muffler with the bend of the end part (in order to increase patency)
  • Due to the increase in the air filter housing, they move:
  • Manual pump on the front pipe of the frame near the engine cylinder (earlier – under the tank)
  • Voltage relay under the fuel tank
  • The soft mounting of the engine is abolished
  • A new domestic carburetor K62M has been installed. To install a manetthek of the fuel corrector in it, a threaded hole was introduced in the steering tube on the right
  • Instead of self -adhesive inscriptions on the tank, plastic logos with screws on screws are introduced
  • A gradual transition to domestic components of electrical equipment (with the aim of unification with other basic models of the plant):
  • The beginning of the installation of the anti -angle lock
  • ignition lock VK105
  • Combined switches on the steering wheel
  • back light
  • Changing the design of the rear suspension:
  • The pendulum fork is elongated
  • The release of original GP-1 generators, the installation of a new one, unified with other models of the plant, generator (12 volts) was stopped
  • A new domestic sound signal S-205B (12 volts) and the optical element of the headlight FG140 (1982) has been installed

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Everything that did not go to the series.

Izh – Saturn

There were several options for Saturn. Their main distinguishing feature was that they had a non -bramber design, gas tank, cladding were made of fiberglass and carried the function of the frame. The engines were installed various.


He was designed in 1965.


This motorcycle was preparing to replace a popular planet – sports. However, due to low demand for PS, it was decided to not allow IL-6.121 into the series. This motorcycle had a number of advantages over PS: a muffler raised upward, an improved appearance, a two -cup front brake.

Escort motorcycles

Izh leader

This model costs a large mansion, since it used a rotary engine manufacturing VAZ

Izh – Vega

The chassis of a completely original design. The engine is opposition, four -stroke, gearbox – five -speed. Launch system is an electric starter.


Based on the Vega engine, a road option was developed, which was unified with the 4th generation IZH, but with a slight change in the frame and the front disc brake.

Izh – Jupiter – 500

The motorcycle was a further continuation of IZH-555, but with the chassis of IZH 4 generation. An oil pump was installed for a separate lubrication system.


In the eighties, Izh-TIAL was designed in the wake of trial competitions. He had a single -cylinder engine and the chassis of the original design.

IL – Sprinter – Orion – 560 (7.109)

In the late 80s, the media promised all the suffering to the emergence of the latest Izh-orrion-with a licensed four-stroke engine of a solid volume, a powerful telescopic fork, a disc brake, and cast wheels. Real jam! Izhmash declared their imminent on sale. Is it a joke, the engine is from the Yamai Kht550, from the beginning of the production of which is not even ten years. However, the long -awaited novelty was not surprised by the light. Work on IZH 7.109 Orion went with might and main with the involvement of the most powerful developers, they had all the creative forces of Izhmash on picking up. Such a concentration of experts was explained by the fact that the decision of the industry’s management on the transfer of production in Izhevsk to the production of an international class equipment with a volume of engine 500 cubic cubs was published. For this purpose, Yamaha bought a license for the production of a four -stroke engine, front wheels and disc brakes With hydraulic drive. “Izh-orrion”, in fact, was supposed to open a fundamentally new modular family of motorcycles: with the interchangeable tail of the frame and a subframe for installing various power units, the rear suspension monamortizer and the appearance of the classic road worker … The result is zero!
At first, no one thought about how to “feed” a four-stroke air-cooled engine (engine oil should lubricate the components of both the engine and the gearbox). In the Soviet Union at that time there was no oil digestible for a Japanese engine. And in Izhevsk they began to tailor the “Japanese” to our standards: to separate the engine and gearbox according to oil. It is better not to know how many bumps were stuffed in the process of such demodernization. Never before in the domestic motor industry have such details as a compact oil filter, large diameter piston rings, an original timing chain and a roller bearing of the lower connecting rod head been used. The greatest harm was caused by technologists who sought to simplify detailing, forms and, most importantly, reduce costs. But it was nevertheless built: lame and cross-eyed – yes, ours! An experimental batch, assembled almost by hand, nevertheless managed to be released. However, “from above” replicas began to be heard like: who needs such a problematic motorcycle? The four-stroke project is ingloriously dead.


The motorcycle was created by “implanting” into the “Orion” chassis a liquid two-stroke engine of its own production, unified according to the box with the Yamaha engine. Tests of such motorcycles, called Izh 7.110 Sirius, were carried out at full speed, the adjustment of design documentation was nearing completion. There was a novelty in the brochures of the plant. But the more successful things were, the cooler the leaders of motorcycle production in the defense holding Izhmash were about the release of new cars. They pressed on trifles, demanded new checks of nodes, adjusted them to the old GOSTs. And the young were driven into the coffin.

IZH – PLANET – 400

To replace Planet 5, a motorcycle was being prepared with an improved engine that had a volume of 400 cc. cm.

IZH – PLANET-6 (option 1)

The motorcycle was distinguished by a modern design, an engine with electronic ignition, water cooling, an oil pump, a five-speed gearbox.